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Eben-Chaime M. Poor Quality Increases Industrial Pollution. WJEPAS. 2017; 4 (1) :1-5
URL: http://wjepas.europeansp.org/article-15-137-en.html
Deprtment of Industrial Engineering & Mgt. Ben-Gurion University of the Negev P.O. Box 653, Be'er Sheva 8410501,Israel
Abstract:   (425 Views)
A turning point of environmental pollution was the industrial revolution, due to the dramatic increase in the scale of pollutions of all sorts: air, water, etc., and industry is a major source of pollution ever since. Industrial pollution is strongly correlated with the volume of operation; large plant pollutes more than smaller plant. Further, industrial waste is a major part of the industrial pollution. It turns out that poor quality is a major cause for enlarged industrial operations and waste. A direct consequence is of defective items. A defective item is an item that cannot be used as is as intended to. It needs either to be repaired, reworked or replaced by another item. Each of these solutions requires additional production capacity, that is more pollution. Often, the defective item is wasted, as a whole or partially. An indirect consequence of poor quality results from the use of inspections to improve quality by removing defective units. Inspections, like manufacturing processes are imperfect. Manufacturing processes make defective items and inspections involved errors, particularly, false rejections. The manufacturing system is blind to see if a rejected item is defective or falsely rejected and the results are the same: enlarged operation and waste. In this study, these effects are quantified. Their orders of magnitude are overwhelming. © 2016 The Authors. Published by European Science publishing Ltd. Selection and peer-review under responsibility of the Organizing Committee of European Science publishing Ltd.
Full-Text [PDF 151 kb]   (173 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2019/08/8 | Accepted: 2019/08/8 | Published: 2019/08/8

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